Russia is demographically, economically, and militarily weaker than the United States. Instead of competing with the United States in terms of hard power i.e. GDP, military strength, or military capacity, the Kremlin is leveraging its military and political instruments to challenge the western international order through alternative means – hybrid warfare. Continue reading
Belarus’ geopolitical location, unsettled ideological stance between East and West, and growing public unrest is uncomfortably familiar to that of Ukraine in 2013 and 2014. In 2017, Europe and Belarus should be concerned by the recently published Russian tenders for international rail travel between Russia and Belarus.
As World War II was coming to an end, the soon to be victorious allies met in Crimea to discuss the reorganization of Europe’s postwar order at the Yalta Conference. Conference attendees included President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin. Continue reading
After almost a month in office, President Trump was given and failed his first round of tests from President Putin. It should come as no surprise that a newly elected President will come under immediate pressure from adversaries abroad to test their resolve and commitment to various issues. For example, Kim Jong-Un wasted no time before testing the Pukguksong-2, a medium-range ballistic missile that flew nearly 310 miles into the Sea of Japan. Continue reading
If you listen to the conservative news in the United States today, one idea will surely jump out at you. Russia is ‘winning,’ and the United States is ‘losing.’ Russia has asserted itself as a key actor in the Syrian civil war, illegally annexed Crimea, continues a low-intensity conflict in Eastern Ukraine, used cyber warfare to hack into and publish incriminating documents, and has used propaganda to incite dissent and question the Western narrative and fact based media. Continue reading